In order to recover compensation under the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP), patients must receive a vaccination that is covered by the VICP and the adverse reaction must occur within days/weeks of receiving the vaccination.
Examples of adverse reactions that may occur with the vaccines covered by the VICP include anaphylaxis (severe allergic reaction), paralytic polio and encephalopathy (general brain disorder). Settlements amounts are based on the Vaccine Injury Table, which was developed by a panel of experts and summarizes the adverse events caused by vaccines.
Several drug companies manufacture the vaccines covered by the VICP.
Vaccinating children against infectious diseases has been a largely successful public health initiative in the United States. Vaccinations have greatly reduced vaccine-preventable disease, thereby allowing more children to live long, healthy lives. However, in some cases, vaccines can have severe side effects that result in lifelong disabilities or death.
The statute of limitations on vaccine injury claims is 3 years from the date of the first adverse reaction. In a death case, the statute of limitations is 2 years from the date of death.
In 1988, the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program was established to provide compensation for children who suffered a permanent injury as a result of a vaccination. The Vaccine Injury Compensation Program has given more than one billion dollars to those injured from vaccinations.
To receive compensation, the patient must receive a covered vaccine and experience the reaction within days or weeks of the vaccination. Vaccines covered by the program include tetanus, whooping cough, mumps, measles, polio, rubella, chicken pox, hepatitis B, hemophilus influenza type B and rotavirus.